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Question 88. What is SEAL?

The Software-optimized Encryption Algorithm (SEAL) was designed by Rogaway and Coppersmith in 1993 [RC93] as a fast stream cipher for 32-bit machines. SEAL has a rather involved initialization phase during which a large set of tables is initialized using the Secure Hash Algorithm (see Question 100). However, the use of look-up tables during keystream generation helps to achieve a very fast performance with just five instructions required per byte of output generated.